ROSE HIPS PETAL (ROSA CANINA):
Roses are a group of herbaceous shrubs found in temperate regions throughout both hemispheres. There are over 100 species of Rose. Rosa Canina is used especially for its Rose hips.
Rosa canina, commonly known as the dog – rose,is a variable climbing wild rose species native to Europe, northwest Africa and western Asia.
It also known that it was used in the 18th and 19th centuries to treat the bite of rabid dogs, hence the name “dog rose” may result from this (though it seems just as plausible that the name gave rise to the treatment). Other old folk names include dogberry and witches briar.
Historical The word “hips” comes from the Anglo-Saxon word hiope and “Dog Rose” comes from dag meaning “dagger“.
It is a deciduous shrub normally ranging in height from 1 – 5 m, though sometimes it can scramble higher into the crowns of taller trees. Its stems are covered with small, sharp, hooked prickles, which aid it in climbing. The flowers are usually pale pink, but can vary between a deep pink and white. They are 4 – 6 cm diameter with five petals, and mature into an oval 1,5 – 2 cm red-orange fruit, or hip.
Rosa canina loves to grow in woodlands, copses, scrub, and hedges up to altitudes of 550 metres. Where offered support, they can climb high into trees. The smaller Hedgehog rose, will be found growing at altitudes of up to 400 metres. All roses can be grown in sun or light shade, and thrive in well-drained, slightly acid soil.
Simple, yet beautiful blooms are borne singularly or in small clusters on the dog rose, from late spring to mid – summer.
Historically, roses have been important since ancient times, in the preparation and use of foods, medicines, cosmetics, ritual, and perfumery. It is known that the Greeks, Persians, and Romans, employed many kinds of rose as medicines.
The dog rose was the stylized rose of medieval European heraldry, and is still used today. It is also the county flower of Hampshire. Legend states the Thousand – year Rose or Hildesheim Rose, that climbs against a wall of Hildesheim Cathedral dates back to the establishment of the diocese in 815.