POMEGRANATE SEED OIL (PUNICA GRANATUM):
Pomegranate (Punica granatum) member of the family Punicaceae, are one of the most ancient edible fruits. Corresponding to 55 – 60% of the whole fruit weight, of which 75 – 85% consists of juice and 25 – 15% consists of seed.
The pomegranate, botanical name Punica granatum, is a fruit-bearing deciduous shrub or small tree growing between 5 and 8 m tall. A shrub or small tree growing 6 to 10 m high, the pomegranate has multiple spiny branches, and is extremely long – lived, with some specimens in France surviving for 200 years.
The edible fruit is a berry, between a lemon and a grapefruit in size 5 – 12 cm in diameter with a rounded shape and thick, reddish skin. The number of seeds in a pomegranate can vary from 200 to about 1400 seeds. Each seed has a surrounding water – laden pulp. The seeds are embedded in a white, spongy, astringent membrane.
The pomegranate is considered to have originated in the region of modern day Iran, and has been cultivated since ancient times throughout the Mediterranean region and northern India. It was introduced into Latin America and California by Spanish settlers in 1769.
The fruit a long tradition of cultivation and back to ancient times. Numerous cultures regard the pomegranate as a symbol of fertility due to its high number of seed, ranging from 150 – 200 to up to 1000.
Today, it is widely cultivated throughout the Middle East and Caucasus region, northern Africa and tropical Africa, the Indian subcontinent, Central Asia, and the drier parts of southeast Asia.
The name pomegranate derives from medieval Latin pōmum “apple” and grānātum “seeded“.
The precious golden yellow to reddish oil is carefully extracted from dried Pomegranate kernels. It takes over 200 pounds of fresh pomegranates seeds to produce just one pound of pomegranate seed oil.
A relatively stable oil. Pomegranate seed oil is an extremely rich and nutritious oil. This highly prized oil, which is naturally high in flavonoids and punicic acid, is remarkable for the skin and has numerous dietary benefits as well.
Pomegranate seeds yeild a drying oil which contains pucinic acid forming upto 72% of the fatty acid. Pucinic acid is conjugated triene and and geometrical isomer of elaostearic acid. Oil possesses antibacterial properties. Pomegranate (punica granatum) is now well known for antioxidant properties.
Free Fatty Acids – 2,8
Peroxide Value – 3,60
Specific Gravity – 0,939
Saponification Value – 190