Information submited: 2015-02-28 Modified: 2018-05-16 By: 1
Cananga Odorata, commonly called Ylang-Ylang, Cananga Tree, Ilang-Ilang, Kenanga in Indonesian, Fragrant Cananga, Macassar-oil plant or Perfume Tree, is a tropical tree which originates from the Philippines and is valued for its perfume.
The name Ylang-Ylang is derived from Tagalog, either from the word ilang, meaning "Wilderness", alluding to its natural habitat, or the word Ilang-Ilan, meaning "Rare", suggestive of its exceptionally delicate scent. A common mistranslation is "Flower of flowers". The plant is native to the Philippines and Indonesia and is commonly grown in Polynesia, Melanesia, Micronesia and Comoros Islands.
Cananga Odorata is a fast-growing tree of the custard apple family Annonaceae. Its growth exceeds 5 m per year and attains an average height of 12 m in an ideal climate.
It grows in full or partial sun, and prefers the acidic soils of its native rainforest habitat. The evergreen leaves are smooth and glossy, oval, pointed and with wavy margins, and 13 - 20 cm long. The flower is drooping, long-stalked, with six narrow, greenish-yellow petals, rather like a sea star in appearance, and yields a highly fragrant essential oil.