Information submited: 2014-09-11 Modified: 2018-06-04 By: 1
Arthrospira is a genus of free-floating filamentous cyanobacteria characterized by cylindrical, multicellular trichomes in an open left-hand helix. There is a dietary supplement made from Arthrospira Platensis and Arthrospira Maxima, known as Spirulina.
The Maxima and Platensis species were once classified in the genus Spirulina. There is now agreement that they are in fact Arthrospira; nevertheless, and somewhat confusingly, the older term Spirulina remains in use for historical reasons.
Arthrospira Platensis and Arthrospira Maxima occur naturally in tropical and subtropical lakes with high pH and high concentrations of carbonate and bicarbonate. Arthrospira Platensis occurs in Africa, Asia and South America, whereas Arthrospira Maxima is confined to Central America and Arthrospirapacifica is endemic to Hawaii Islands of America.
Most cultivated Spirulina
is produced in open channel raceway ponds, with paddle-wheels used to
agitate the water. The largest commercial producers of Spirulina are
located in the United States, Thailand, India, Taiwan, China, Pakistan, Burma, Greece and Chile.
Information submited: 2018-06-04 Modified: 2018-06-04 By: 1
Spirulina thrives at a pH around 8.5 +, which will get more alkaline, and a temperature around 30 °C.
Spirulina Powder is the best form to use of food, cosmetic treatment, medical treatment.
Dried Spirulina contains about 60% (51 - 71%) Protein.
Spirulina's lipid content is about 7% by weight, and is rich in gamma-linolenic acid, and also provides alpha-linolenic acid, linoleic acid, stearidonic acid, eicosapentaenoic acid, docosahexaenoic acid and arachidonic acid.
Spirulina contains Vitamins B1, B2, B3, B6, B9, Vitamin C, Vitamin A and Vitamin E.
It is also a source of potassium, calcium, chromium, copper,iron, magnesium, manganese, phosphorus, selenium, sodium and zinc.
Spirulina contains many pigments which may be beneficial and bioavailable, including beta-carotene, zeaxanthin, chlorophyll-a, xanthophyll, echinenone, myxoxanthophyll, canthaxanthin, diatoxanthin, 3'-hydroxyechinenone, beta-cryptoxanthin and oscillaxanthin, plus the phycobiliproteins c-phycocyanin and allophycocyanin.