Information submited: 2014-09-26 Modified: 2018-05-09 By: 1
The Neem tree is part of the Mahogany family – Meliaceae and it is one of two species in the genus Azadirachta, native to India, Sri Lanka, Malaysia, Bangladesh and Pakistan. The Neem tree is a fast growing, long-life tree popular in the tropics and is grown for its ornamental value, as well as for its therapeutic value and is used as fuel for its workable, but unpleasant smelling wood.

Almost all of the tree can be used. In herbal application the leaves, flowers, bark, seeds and oil is used. The seed yields Margosa oil (Neem oil) and is a non-drying oil with insecticidal and antiseptic properties.

Neem oil is a vegetable oil pressed from the fruits and seeds of the Neem (Azadirachta Indica), an evergreen tree which is endemic to the Indian subcontinent and has been introduced to many other areas in the tropics.

Neem oil varies in color: it can be golden yellow, yellowish brown, reddish brown, dark brown, greenish brown, or bright red. It has a rather strong odor that is said to combine the odours of Peanut and Garlic. It is composed mainly of triglycerides and contains many triterpenoid compounds, which are responsible for the bitter taste.

The oil normally contains the following: Oleic acid 52,8%, stearic acid 21,4%, palmitic acid 12,6%, linoleic acid 2,1%, various lower fatty acids 2,3%.
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