Black Sesame Seeds
(Sesamum Indicum L.
) are similar to the more common White Sesame Seeds
. Black Sesame Seeds
are not hulled, brown (golden) Sesame Seeds
retain their hulls too, and the white seeds are hulled which exposes their true seed color. Lighter colored Sesame Seeds
are used more in the West
and in the Middle East
, and the Black Sesame Seeds
are more popular in Far East
The black and darker coloured Sesame Seeds
are mostly produced in China
and southeast Asia
produces a variety of Sesame Seeds
Actually it refers to dry mature seeds of Sesamum indicum L., a plant under the genus Sesamum of the family Pedaliaceae. It plants are usually harvested during autumn when the fruits at the peak of their ripeness. And next dry them in the sun, knock out of the seeds, remove impurities, and then dry in the sun once again.
It is flat oval, about 3mm long and 2mm wide. Surface is black and smooth or with netted wrinkles. Seed coat is thin. Cotyledons are two, white, and rich in oil. It has slight odor, sweet taste, and oil aroma.
Black Sesame Seeds contain about 60% more calcium than hulled Sesame Seeds. Black Sesame Seeds are more flavorful and have a stronger aroma than White or Brown Sesame Seeds.
Black Sesame Seeds are rich in a fatty oil. Oil content is high, between 40% and 60%. The oil has a distinctive flavor, and is rich in antioxidants which give it a long shelf life. The seeds also enjoy a long shelf life and resist rancidity. After removing the oil, seeds are 35% to 50% protein.
Beneficial Nutritions is good source of copper, manganese, calcium, magnesium, iron, phosphorus, zinc, vitamin B1 (thiamin), dietary fiber.
Antioxidants substances like sesamol, sesamolin and sesaminol can be find in Sesamum Indicum L. The Black Sesame coat has the greater relative antioxidant potential.