Information submited: 2017-11-03 Modified: 2018-05-15 By: 1
Botanical Name: Sambucus Nigra Flos.
Botanical Origin: Europe and North America
Part Typically Used: Flowers and berries
Sambucus Nigra is a species complex of flowering plants in the family Adoxaceae native to most of Europe and North America. The English term for the tree is not believed to come from the word "old" but from the Anglo Saxon, meaning fire, because the hollow stems of the branches were used as bellows to blow air into a fire.
It is a deciduous shrub or small tree growing to 6 m tall and wide (rarely 10m tall). The bark, light grey when young, changes to a coarse grey outer bark with lengthwise furrowing. The hermaphrodite flowers have 5 stamens and are borne in large, flat corymbs 10 - 25 cm diameter in late spring to mid summer, the individual flowers ivory white, 5 - 6 mm diameter, with five petals, they are pollinated by flies.