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Damask rose flower (Rosa damascena)
Damask rose flower (Rosa damascena)
Damask rose flower (Rosa damascena)
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DAMASK ROSE FLOWER (ROSA DAMASCENA):

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Rose is the king of flowers and Damask rose is classified in old garden roses. The origion of Damask rose is Iran and the Middle East region and it is the national flower of  Iran.

There are evidences that Rosaceae family is an ancient plant. Some fossils of rose are found in America that are 30 million years old. The origin of Damask rose is the Middle East and some evidences indicate that the origin of rose wather is Iran, but the origin of its fragrant oil and extracts is Greece. This plant is cultivated in alll over the world including Iran, Europe, Bulgaria, Turkey and India.

Rosa damascena, more commonly known as the Damask rose, or sometimes as the Rose of Castile, is a rose hybrid, derived from Rosa gallica and Rosa moschata. Further DNA analysis has shown that a third species, Rosa fedtschenkoana, is associated with the Damask rose.

The flowers are renowned for their fine fragrance, and are commercially harvested for rose oil, rose otto, rose absolute used in perfumery and to make rose water and "rose concrete". The flower petals are also edible.

The Damask rose is a deciduous shrub growing to 2,2 m tall, the stems densely armed with stout, curved prickles and stiff bristles. The leaves are pinnate, with five leaflets. The roses are a light to moderate pink to light red. The relatively small flowers grow in groups. The bush has an informal shape.

Rosa damascena
is best cultivated in hedge rows to help protect the blooms from wind and to facilitate ease of picking. Gathering the flowers is quite labor - intensive as it must be done by hand. There are about twenty to forty days per year when harvesting occurs, depending on the type of Rosa damascena cultivation in the region.

The Crusader Robert  de  Brie is  often  given  credit  for  bringing  this  rose  from Persia to Europe sometime  between 1254 and 1276.  The  name  refers  to Damascus, Syria, a  major  city  in  the region. Other stories say the Romans brought the rose to England, and a third account says that Henry VIII's physician gave him a Damask rose as a present, around 1540.

For centuries, the Damascus rose (Rosa damascena) has been considered a symbol of beauty and love. The fragrance of the rose has been captured and preserved in the form of rose water by an ancient  method  that  can  be  traced  back  to  biblical  times  in  the  Middle  East,  and  later  to  the Indian subcontinent. An Iranian doctor, Avicenna, is credited with the discovery of the process for  extracting  rose  water  from  rose  petals  in  the early 11 century.
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BASE OILS: 70
ESSENTIAL OILS: 113
HERBAL DISTILLATES: 37
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