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Zanthoxylum essential oil (Zanthoxylum armatum)
Zanthoxylum essential oil (Zanthoxylum armatum)
Zanthoxylum essential oil (Zanthoxylum armatum)
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ZANTHOXYLUM ESSENTIAL OIL (ZANTHOXYLUM ARMATUM):

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Botanical Name: Zanthoxylum armatum

Common Method of Extraction: Steam distillation

Part Typically Used: Dried Fruit (Berries) / Leafs

Color: Pale yellow to reddish brown

Consistency: Fluid liquid

Perfumery Note: Middle

Shelf Life: 4-5 years

Strength of Initial Aroma: Fruity, fresh, spicy, alluring, sensual, balsamic, earthy, exotic, slightly bitter, slightly spicy, strong

Blends Well With:  Rosalina, Ambrette, Black Pepper, Balsam of Peru, Ylang-Ylang, Lavender , Ambrette, Black Spruce, Blood Orange, Buddha Wood, Cedarwood Himalayan, Clary Sage, Copaiba Balsam, Elemi, Geranium, Jasmine sambac, Lotus Pink, Neroli, Siam Wood essantial oils, Rose absolute, Sandalwood absoliute.
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With the botanical name Zanthoxylum armatum, the Winged Prickly Ash tree is a member of the Citrus family Rutaceae. (9)

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Tomar tree is also known with other popular names like Toothache tree, prickly ash, suterberry, yellow wood, tumbru, darmar, tumru, timroo, tejphal and mukthrubi. The most common synonym for Zanthoxylum armatum is Zanthoxylum alatum. (10)

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Common (Indian) name :

Hindi - Darmar, nepali dh
aniya, tejphal, tumuru
Bengali - Gaira, tambul,
Oriya - Tundopoda
Sanskrit - Tumburu, dhiva, gandhalu. (16)

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Zanthoxylum alatum, a species growing in the Himalayas and figuring prominent in Tibetan and Nepali cooking, is reported to contain mostly linalool (more than 50%), further limonene, methyl cinnamate and cineol. (1)

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This plant is a shrub or a small tree, 6 meter tall or more, with dense foliage, found in the hot valleys of the Himalayas at altitudes of 1,000 to 2100 m. The dried fruits collected from the wild or cultivated fields, are dried before steam distillation, yielding an essential oil (c. 22,3%). (2)

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Zanthoxylum armatum DC found in the hot valleys of the Himalayas from Jammu to Bhutan at altitudes of 1,000 - 2100 m and in Eastern Ghats in Orissa and Andhra Pradesh at 1,200 m., in India. It is also sometimes planted for hedges in Assam. (17)

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FOOD / COOKING:

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Timur fruits are used as spices, condiments, medicine and as flavoring agents for soups and many other conventional dishes. (11)

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Zanthoxylum essential oil for its strong and spicy smell widely used in food products aromatisation. (3)

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MEDICINE / HEALTH:

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Therapeutic Properties :

Antidepressant/uplifting
Antispasmodic
Analgesic
Anti-inflammatory - reduce inflammation
Antiseptic - assists in fighting germs/infections
Antibacterial - destructive to bacteria
Cooling
Digestive
Immune support - stimulates functioning of immune system
Sedative
Tonic - strengthens and restores vitality
Nourishing for the skin.

Contraindications : There are no known concerns with this oil. Irritant in high concentration due to rubefacient properties. Use in moderation.

Pregnancy / Lactation :
No formal testing, avoid in pregnancy and lactation.
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Himalayan healers use Xanthoxylum essential oil mainly for respiratory conditions and to improve vocal quality by stimulating and moisturizing the larynx. This makes it a most interesting oil in a gargle for singers, stage actors, narrators and public speakers. (5)

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Xanthoxylum is high in a component called linalol. Linalol-high oils offer profound healing for infections, pain, swelling, spasms, allergies and injuries. This oil is also deeply calming for the nervous system. It can be used daily and is a wonderful tonic for overall health. (6)

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Xanthoxylum is wonderful for an upset stomach, menstrual cramps, pain and muscle spasms. It’s also very healing for allergies, colds and flu-especially if the person is experiencing aches and pains, coughing and difficulty sleeping. (7)

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Ayurveda states that the tree of Tomar known as Tumburu or Gandhalu in the Ayurvedic world is yet another significant gift of nature to mankind. The essential oil extracted from the seeds of this tree are said to have healing properties like antiseptic, hepatoprotective, stomachic, disinfectant, deodorant, anthelmintic and carminative. (12)

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Tomar seed oil is said to possess antioxidant properties and it also contains phenolic compounds. It is a proven fact that plants that contain antioxidant property is also said to exhibit hepatoprotective action. (13)


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A renowned study on "Hepatoprotective Effect of Zanthoxylum armatum DC" proved that the presence of ethanolic extracts in Zanthoxylum armatum showed hepatoprotective effect against liver damage by regularizing the increased levels of the hepatic enzymes and showed shielding effect on the plasma membrane of hepatocytes. This proved the effectiveness of using this herb in Ayurvedic treatment for liver disorders. (14)

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Zanthoxylum armatum essential oil has also been used as a gentle massage oil blended with carrier oils like coconut oil to treat fibrositis, rheumatism, leg cramps, varicose veins and certain other skin problems. It is also said to stimulate the mucous membranes, lymphatic system and promote blood circulation. (15)

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The essential oil is said to possess antiseptic, disinfectant and deodorant properties. The freshly distilled essential oil from the seeds exhibited strong antibacterial activity against  Escherichia coli, Vibro cholera, Micrococcus pyrogens var. aureus, Shigella dysenteriae and Salmonella typhi. The seed oil possesses ascaricidal, antibacterial, anthelmintic and antifungal properties. (18)

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Also a good bug repellant! Perhaps because of its known action against mosquitos, and efforts to combat malaria, there is a good deal of scientific research on the properties of this oil. (8)

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BEAUTY / COSMETICS:

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SPIRITUAL PRACTISES:

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An exquisite oil that assists meditation and is very soothing to the nerves. (4)

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SITE STATISTICS:
BASE OILS: 70
ESSENTIAL OILS: 113
HERBAL DISTILLATES: 37
PLANTS: 20
INGREDIENTS: 52
TOOLS: 10
MIXTURES: 60
USERS: 11
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