TANSY ESSENTIAL OIL (TANACETUM VULGARE):
Tanacetum vulgare.Botanical Origin:
Europe and Asia.Common Method of Extraction:
Steam distillation.Part Typically Used:
Flowers / buds and sometimes leaves.Color:
Yellow to dark orange.Consistency:
1-2 years.Strength of Initial Aroma:
Highly aromatic, warm, bitter-sweet, herbaceous aroma with softly penetrating camphor top notes. Sweet, fruity, with subtle floral, camphorous undertones.Blends Well With:
Amyris, angelica, bergamot, cedarwood, cistus, clary sage, frankincense, geranium, jasmine, labdanum, lavender, lemon, marjoram, neroli, palmarosa, patchouli, rose, sandalwood, ylang ylang essential oils.
Common name :
Common tansy, bitter buttons, cow bitter, golden buttons.Chemical structure:
Ketone. Up to 80% thujone, camphor, borneol, artemisia ketone.
Note: Tansy essential oil
) and blue tansy essential oil
) are very different in their chemical make-up, and subsequent use, despite the fact that they both belong to the Asteraceae
plant family. Tanacetum annuum
is often confused with common tansy
) but the former produces an essential oil that is completely different chemically as it contains no thujone
and high amounts of chamazulene
making the oil dark blue in color, giving rise to it common name of Blue tansy oil
. Despite claims by some unethical resellers of essential oils who adulterate the very expensive Blue tansy
with the much cheaper oil from Tanacetum vulgare
, it should be noted that the oil from Tanacetum vulgare
is never blue in color as it contains no chamazulene
. For this reason a high thujone
oil from Tanacetum vulgare
should never be referred to as "Blue tansy
" oil and any such blue oil containing significant thujone
is an adulterated product.
Tansy is native to Eurasia. It is found in almost all parts of mainland Europe, as well as Britain and Ireland. It is absent from Siberia and some of the Mediterranean islands. The ancient Greeks may have been the first to cultivate it as a medicinal herb.
Tansy is a flowering herbaceous plant with finely divided compound leaves and yellow, button-like flowers. It has a stout, somewhat reddish, erect stem, usually smooth, 50 - 150 cm tall. The roundish, flat - topped, button - like, yellow flower heads are produced in terminal clusters from mid - to - late summer. The scent is similar to that of camphor with hints of rosemary. The leaves and flowers are toxic if consumed in large quantities; the volatile oil contains toxic compounds including thujone, which can cause convulsions and liver and brain damage. Some insects, notably the tansy beetle Chrysolina graminis, have resistance to the toxins and subsist almost exclusively on the plant.
Tanacetum vulgare belongs to the Asteraceae plant family.
The name is said to be a corruption of athanasia, derived from two Greek words meaning immortality. When some monks in reading Lucian came across the passage where Jove, speaking of Ganymede to Mercury, says, "Take him hence, and when he has tasted immortality let him return to us," their literal minds inferred that this plant must have been what Ganymede tasted, hence they named it athanasia. So great credence having been given to its medicinal powers in Europe, it is not strange the colonists felt they could not live in the New World without tansy. Strong scented pungent tufts topped with bright yellow buttons - runaways from old gardens - are a conspicuous feature along many a roadside leading to colonial homesteads.
Tansy was hung on the house by Germanic peoples as a protection against monsters. The aromatic herb was also burned as incense.
Tansy was a popular strewing herb in times past because it's clean, camphorous scent repelled flies and other pests. It is still a good custom to plant tansy outside the kitchen door and around the garden for the same reasons.
Tansy was formerly used as a flavoring for puddings and omelets, but is now almost unknown. The herbalist John Gerard (c. 1545–1612) noted that tansy was well known as “pleasant in taste”. In Yorkshire, tansy and caraway seeds were traditionally used in biscuits served at funerals.
According to liquor historian A. J. Baime, in the 19th century Tennessee whiskey magnate Jack Daniel enjoyed drinking his own whiskey with sugar and crushed tansy leaf.
Therapeutic Properties : Pregnancy / Lactation:
Contraindications: No aromatherapy application. Contact dermatitis in sensitive individuals. Oral toxin, hazardous, irritant, sensitizer, neuron-toxic, avoid in epilepsy.
Abortive. Do not use in pregnancy or nursing period.
The danger with using tansy rests primarily with it's thujone content, which is responsible for much of tansy's medicinal actions. Thujone is powerful but toxic in large doses. The amount of thujone contained can vary from plant to plant making safe dosing problematic.
Tansy essential oil is anticatarrh, anthelmintic (powerful expectorant, mucolytic, carminative, nervine stimulant, tonic. Used for congestion, repel insects and fleas, intestinal worms.
Tansy has a long history of use. It was first recorded as being cultivated by the ancient Greeks for medicinal purposes. In the 8th century AD it was grown in the herb gardens of Charlemagne and by Benedictine monks of the Swiss monastery of Saint Gall. Tansy was used to treat intestinal worms, rheumatism, digestive problems, fevers, sores, and to “bring out” measles.
During the Middle Ages and later, high doses were used to induce abortions. Contradictorily, tansy was also used to help women conceive and to prevent miscarriages. Tansy essential oil has a warm, spicy - herbaceous aroma. The principal chemical component in tansy essential oil is thujone, a fairly “reactive” component. Lawless lists tansy as “abortifacient” and advises against use of the essential oil for therapeutic aromatherapy practice.
It was used in Europe to treat hysterical women who were unable to menstruate regularly and it was also used as an abortive. A bitter tea was made for a woman's tonic. Gypsies considered the plant a "cure all."
In the 19th century, Irish folklore suggested that bathing in a solution of tansy and salts would cure joint pain. Although most of its medicinal uses have been discredited, tansy is still a component of some medicines and is listed in Pharmacopeia as a treatment for fevers, feverish colds, and jaundice.
It should not be very hard to understand that the essential oil, which is so poisonous and can be fatal to humans, would also be deadly for those tiny bacteria. Although some bacteria can survive unimaginable extremities of temperature and toxins, for most of the bacteria which live in the human body, this oil is lethal. It kills them and inhibits their multiplication. This gives effective protection against bacterial infections, provided that it is taken in very, very mild doses.
Tansy was also used to alleviate the pain of for migraine headaches, neuralgia, rheumatism and gout, meteorism (distended stomach due to trapped gas), and loss of appetite.
This oil acts as a sedative for nerves and emotional impulses. In cases of anxiety, depression, anger, convulsions, nervous afflictions, epilepsy, hysteric attacks, and impulsive behavior, it can be used to pacify them and induce a relaxing effect on the nerves and the brain.
Tansy was used as a face wash and was reported to lighten and purify the skin.
Element Association: Yang
Emotional Attributes: Can indicate that you have done very good work and are now ready to take your place within a seat of power. Tansy is a very powerful agent. Do not use without spiritual guidance.
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BASE OILS: 70
ESSENTIAL OILS: 113
HERBAL DISTILLATES: 37